Decent bonus: what happened to the reform to increase the minimum payment to 30 days?

Decent bonus, decent vacations and a decent day. Dignifying the conditions of workers in Mexico has become a banner of the fight for labor rights, but carrying out the reforms that have been proposed in recent years has turned out to be a complex process, full of obstacles and with enormous resistance from part of the business sector. A few months ago, Morenoist deputy Manuel Baldenebro presented an initiative for employees to begin receiving a bonus equivalent to 30 days worked, however, everything indicates that the measure will not come into force in December 2023.

The last time Baldenebro’s proposal was addressed was in September, when it was said that it would be discussed in a session of the Labor and Social Security Commission, but the issue has not been a priority on the agenda and for the moment it has been stuck. “The main problem of these types of initiatives being delayed is completely for the worker. We Mexicans are the most exploited workers in Latin America and among the most exploited worldwide. The prevalence of burnout For 75% of Mexican workers, it is too much and, in addition to working a lot, we earn very little,” explained Alma Paz, a human resources consultant and labor rights activist known on social networks as The HR one.

Manuel de Jesús Baldenebro, deputy and president of the Labor and Social Security Commission
Manuel de Jesús Baldenebro, on December 6, 2022.Mario Jasso (Cuartoscuro)

Article 87 of the Federal Labor Law (LFT) establishes that “workers will have the right to an annual bonus that must be paid before December 20, equivalent to at least 15 days of salary.” This section has not been modified in 48 years, but Baldenebro’s has not been the first initiative to do so, not even in 2023. In March, the PVEM bench in the Senate presented a practically identical proposal that was also put on hold, another The precedent is that of the PRI member Reynel Rodríguez Muñoz, who presented it before the Chamber of Deputies in 2022. “(The double bonus) has not passed because the business lobby is quite strong. The legislators really don’t have a strong intention for it to happen. At this moment, with the majority in Morena, if they wanted these types of initiatives to happen they would be there. However, it hasn’t happened. They keep proposing, but in the end absolutely nothing happens,” Paz said.

A similar case is that of the reform to reduce the working day from 48 to 40 hours a week, a project that has been harshly criticized by the country’s main companies and employers. “The constitutional reform initiative to reduce the working day from 48 to 40 hours per week is impossible for micro, small and medium-sized companies to comply with due to the operating costs that it would entail,” the Confederation of National Chambers of Commerce, Services and Services stated in a statement. and Tourism (Concanaco-Servytur). On the other hand, the Employers’ Confederation of the Mexican Republic (Coparmex) assured that “now is not the time” for it to be implemented, citing the crisis left by the covid-19 pandemic.

Just this week, the ruling on the dignified day—which was approved since April—suffered a new setback, since the Board of Directors of the Chamber returned it to the ruling committee so that modifications could be made to the project to “strengthen its argumentative regime.” legislative”. Despite the denials and delays, the workers do not lose their optimism, but they will not take their finger off the line either, and a new generation has joined the fight for labor rights that has taken the protests from social networks to the streets with the objective of guaranteeing a better quality of life for your professional future.

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