Deputies postpone the reduction of the 40-hour work day in Mexico until 2024

The discussion of the reform that will allow Mexicans to work a maximum of 40 hours a week or rest two days, will have to wait until 2024. The Constitutional Points Commission of the Chamber of Deputies decided in an extraordinary meeting this Thursday afternoon to return the opinion to the Board of Directors without incorporating the points of view expressed in the open parliaments. Seven days before the end of this period of sessions at the San Lázaro Palace, the president of the Points Commission, Juan Ramiro Robledo, acknowledged that given this deadline, progress is already very complicated and therefore the debate on the reform will begin. at the next session, in February of next year. The initiative represents a substantial change for workers who currently work 48 hours a week and have at least one day of rest for six days worked.

The Morena deputy acknowledged that in the postponement of the approval of the reform to reduce the working day, he took into account the opinion of President López Obrador this week, who advocated for a broader discussion of the issue and in which everyone would be heard. the voices. “Of course it has to do with the Morena parliamentary group what the president thinks, we belong to the same movement, to the same country project,” he declared. At the beginning of this week, López Obrador expressed himself in favor of “listening to all the voices” involved: workers and businessmen and, therefore, he was in favor of extending the debate until 2024, the last year of his mandate.

The legislators’ decision to postpone this discussion also occurs hours after businessmen raised their voices together to stop their advance in the Legislative Branch. The business leaders of the 59 most important companies in the country asked President López Obrador to analyze the initiative in detail. The president of the Mexican Business Council, Rolando Vega Sáenz, declared this Thursday after a lunch with the president that the ruling must be studied very thoroughly. “The creation of jobs, the creation of formal jobs, is very important. Continue with productivity, because one of these initiatives could go the other way,” he said as he left the lunch that the businessmen and women had with the Executive.

Since the initiative was presented in October 2022, business owners have been firm in rejecting this reduction in working hours under the arguments that it will increase company costs, make the country less competitive, and inhibit the arrival of new capital. In the midst of this debate, the private initiative has proposed that its implementation be gradual, not point-blank. From the workers’ trenches, some groups have taken to the streets to demand that the reform be endorsed and the employee be allowed to rest by law and with full pay two days a week.

Mexico is one of the countries where the most work is done. According to the most recent data from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), a Mexican works 2,226 hours a year, a figure that only Colombia surpasses, with 2,405 hours, but it is above what a worker meets in Chile, Israel or Russia, countries where people work less than 1,900 hours a year.

Being a constitutional reform, the reduction of the labor reform must go through a winding process to become law. Once the document is voted on in the Chamber of Deputies, it will go to the Senate for discussion and voting. If it is approved in this instance, it will be sent to the local congresses, where 51% of them, equivalent to 17 States, must say yes. . Thus, it will finally be published in the Official Gazette of the Federation.

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