This Monday marks the beginning of the electoral pre-campaign period that will conclude in January 2024. The original date underwent a modification at the beginning of October, in response to a ruling by the Electoral Tribunal of the Judicial Branch of the Federation (TEPJF) that ordered the National Institute Electoral (INE) change the start day of the pre-campaigns, an adjustment that also meant a reduction in the inspection periods for political parties.
The agreement, approved by a majority of votes, indicates that with the determination of the pre-campaign period – which considers a maximum established limit of 60 days – the protection of the rights of national political parties and coalitions is maximized, respecting the period that these They have to make decisions and fulfill their obligations. Thus, the start of the pre-campaigns for the 2024 Elections in Mexico will begin during the third week of November, and not on the 5th as initially planned.
How is the electoral calendar?
During the 2024 Elections, a total of 629 positions will be elected at the federal level. After the adjustment in the start and end dates of the pre-campaigns, the calendar of the electoral process for the 128 senatories, 500 federal councils and the presidency of the republic is as follows:
- Pre-campaign period: from Monday, November 20, 2023 to Thursday, January 18, 2024.
- Campaign period: from Friday, March 1 to Wednesday, May 29, 2024.
- Election day: Sunday, June 2, 2024.
Furthermore, next year 19,634 local positions will be elected in the states of the country, including local councils, municipal presidencies, receiverships and councillors. In the States of Chiapas, Mexico City, Guanajuato, Jalisco, Morelos, Puebla, Tabasco, Veracruz and Yucatán, governorships will also be elected. The dates of the pre-campaign and campaign period vary according to the entity, and can be consulted in the calendar established by the INE.
How do pre-campaigns work and what rules does the INE establish?
Electoral pre-campaigns are a set of acts carried out by political parties and their militants with the aim of obtaining support in elected positions. These acts include public meetings, assemblies, marches, and in general, all propaganda activities aimed at their supporters or an entire electorate. This year, the political processes and propaganda activities were established by the INE in its General guidelines to regulate and supervise the processes, acts, activities and propaganda carried out in Political Processes.
Applicants for elected office must adhere to a series of guidelines, for example, their propaganda must indicate, expressly and visibly, the political party to which they belong. “The propaganda elements must expressly and visibly indicate, by graphic and auditory means, if applicable, the party, the quality of the Registered Person, as well as the name given to the respective Political Process and must be directed only to the scope of development of the aforementioned procedure,” the document states in Article 8.
The document prohibits the delivery of any type of material in which any direct, indirect, mediate or immediate benefit, in kind or cash, is offered or delivered that conditions participation in the political process. Finally, it indicates that the propaganda may not be hung on elements of the urban equipment, nor hinder in any way the visibility of the signs that allow people to move and orient themselves within population centers. If you do not comply with these guidelines, the INE will order your immediate withdrawal.
How much money will political parties receive?
He INE has established the figures for the public financing that the national political parties will receive in view of the 2024 elections. The organization established a total of $10,444,157,311, and the amounts and distributions for the following items are applied in accordance with the formula established in the law:
- Sustaining permanent ordinary activities: $6,609,787,227
- Campaign expenses for national political parties: $3,304,893,614
- Campaign expenses for all independent candidates: $66,097,872
- Specific activities: $198,293,617
- Postal franchise: $264,391,491
- Telegraphic franchise: $693,490
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