Global electoral calendar for 2024, a key year for more than 70 countries

He The year 2023 has been key for many countries: In Spain, general elections were held that, after several months of negotiations, led to agreements to maintain a socialist coalition government, and that took place after municipal elections that opened the door of many local governments to the extreme right. It was not the only space where the extreme right has had a leading role: the Argentine elections gave victory to far-right Javier Mileiaccused of gender violence and plagiarism, while in Netherlands won Geert Wilder’s Freedom Partys, thanks to his speech against immigration.

Now, next year is not far behind in importance. More than fifty countries They have their appointments with the polls in 2024, in a context in which threats to democracy are the order of the day; so much so that in Germany they already consider extreme right groups as the main threat to German democracy. This is the 2024 global electoral calendar:

Elections between January and March 2024

During the first quarter of the year, numerous elections are held, including one of the most relevant, taking into account the current situation. On March 17 they are celebrated in Russia’s first elections at the federal level since the start of the war in Ukraine in February 2022, with the current head of the Kremlin, Vladimir Putin, 71, as a candidate for re-election for the fifth time since 2000 and with an almost certain victory. The elections, in which no openly opposition candidate will participate, will be a kind of referendum on the progress of the Russian military campaign in Ukraine in which the Kremlin has not yet achieved the objectives it set for itself when it invaded the neighboring country.

Putin is currently serving his fourth term at the head of Russia, although since the fall of Boris Yeltsin he has always held some position of power in the Eurasian nation, either as prime minister – from 2008 to 2012 – or as president – from 2000 to 2008 and from 2012 to the present. For these elections, Russia’s Central Election Commission refused to register the anti-Kremlin journalist’s initiative group Yekaterina Duntsova, 40-year-old, who had previously criticized Putin’s policies as well as the war against Ukraine and offered himself to voters as an alternative.

  • January 7 – Bangladesh Parliament elections
  • January 9 – Elections to the National Assembly of Bhutan (second round)
  • January 13 – Presidential and parliamentary elections in Taiwan
  • January 14 – Presidential elections in Comoros
  • January 28 – Presidential elections in Finland
  • February 4 – Presidential and parliamentary elections in El Salvador and presidential elections in Mali
  • February 7 – Presidential elections in Azerbaijan
  • February 8 – Pakistan Parliament Elections
  • February 14 – Parliamentary and presidential elections in Indonesia
  • February 25 – Presidential elections in Senegal and Parliament in Belarus
  • March 10 – Elections (early) in Portugal
  • March 15-17 – Presidential elections in Russia

The elections in Taiwan come at a time of high tension between the island and mainland China, which claims sovereignty over this territory. The ruling People’s Democratic Party (PDP) candidate and current vice president, William Lai (Lai Ching-te), is currently leading the polls.

China vs. Taiwan: the keys to understanding the conflict

Elections in the second quarter of 2024

Among the electoral appointments of 2024 are the elections to the European Parliament that take place between June 6 and 9 in the 27 countries of the EU and that will determine the course of community policy. Coinciding with these, those in Belgium also take place, which take place on June 9. In the so-called “largest democracy in the world”, Indiaalso the most populous country (1,428 million inhabitants) and the third largest economy in the world, elections are also held in the second quarter of the year and Prime Minister Narendra Modi has great chances of achieving a third consecutive term, according to the polls.

For their part, in the Mexican elections they are presented for the first time in history two women as main candidates: the ruling party Claudia Sheinbaum, former head of Government of Mexico City, and Xóchitl Gálvez, former senator and leader of the opposition platform Fuerza y ​​Corazón por México.

  • April 10 – South Korean Parliament elections
  • May 5 – Presidential and parliamentary elections in Panama
  • May 12 – Presidential elections in Lithuania
  • May 19 – Presidential and parliamentary elections in the Dominican Republic
  • June 1 – Presidential elections in Iceland
  • June 2 – Congressional and presidential elections in Mexico
  • June 6-9 – European Parliament elections
  • June 9 – Parliament elections in Belgium

Elections during the summer of 2024

During the months closest to the summer season (in the northern hemisphere) not many elections are usually held; in fact, in some parts of Spain It is even prohibited to hold elections in July and August, due to the high temperatures that can be reached. Now, it does not mean that there is no process.

For this quarter, the Rwandan presidential and legislative elections, in which Paul Kagame hopes to renew his mandate. It is the first time that both elections are held on the same day, in a measure that, according to the National Electoral Commission (CNE), will seek to reduce costs and make it easier for citizens to vote. Kagame presents himself as a representative of the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) to try to extend his mandate, which has already lasted 23 years. Paul Kagame was re-elected last April as party leader, with 99.8% of the vote, facing a only candidate: the Rwandan ambassador to Indonesia.

Kagame rose as strong man of the country after the 1994 genocide, consolidating his dominance six years later, with the beginning of his first presidential term. In 2015 he amended the Constitution to the point that it allows him, in theory, to remain in power until 2034 if the population so decides. Terms in Rwanda last seven years.

The last elections of the year 2024

In Venezuela there are also presidential elections in 2024, although they are still there is no specific date for a vote in which the united opposition, which abstained from participating in 2018, decided to attend as a result of a long political negotiation with the Chavista Government aimed at obtaining guarantees of cleanliness and electoral justice. Chavismo and the opposition agreed to hold them in the second half of the year and, following the constitutional calendar, elections in Venezuela could be in December. The great unknown is whether the former deputy Maria Corina Machadoelected in the primaries but disqualified from holding elected public office, may finally be the opposition candidate as claimed by countries such as the United States, which has actively supported the Government-opposition negotiation.

  • October 9 – Mozambican presidential and parliamentary elections
  • October 27 – Parliamentary and presidential elections in Uruguay
  • November 5 – Elections in the United States
  • November 12 – Palau Presidential and Parliamentary Elections
  • December 7 – Presidential and parliamentary elections in Ghana

The elections that attract more attention They are the presidential elections in the United States, set for November 5 and whose results always have effects on the world geopolitical scenario. Predictably, since the primaries have yet to be held, the candidates will be the same as in 2020: the Democrat Joe Biden and the republican donald trumpwhich represent antagonistic models of the country.

The probable elections but still uncertain

Not all of the 2024 elections are perfectly defined as of January 1. Ukraine is precisely one of the countries where, according to the electoral calendar, It would be appropriate to elect a new ruler in 2024, but it is not yet certain that they will be called. The mandate of the Ukrainian president, Volodymyr Zelensky, expires on March 31, but while the martial law for war with Russia You cannot call the polls, although the president has suggested the possibility of legislating to allow it.

There are also other countries whose electoral calendars are not yet defined, including Austria, Slovakia, Romania and the United Kingdom. According to ‘The Economist’ magazine, more than 4.1 billion people, which means 51% of the population worldwide, reside in countries where 2024 is an election year.

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