The president, Andrés Manuel López Obrador, announced this Thursday that he will try again to move forward with his legislative proposals, some of which failed during this Administration. The president has assured that he plans to send to Congress in February a package that includes reform of the Judiciary and electoral reform. In addition, he has said that before that date he will send the National Guard project. The last two have already been hit. And in the first, a new initiative that he has been announcing for months, López Obrador seeks that all judges and ministers of the Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation be elected through popular vote.
The Government had said that it would try to pass these proposals after applying its plan C, the president’s idea of sweeping the next elections and achieving a qualified majority in the Chambers to obtain the necessary votes for the modifications to the Constitution. But the recent breakup of the opposition opens the door to negotiating them before his term ends.
A reporter asked the president this Thursday if they planned to advance the sending of their projects based on the break between the Citizen Movement and the so-called “containment block”, the agreement of the opposition parties to act as a counterweight to the National Regeneration Movement (Brunette). The president avoided relating the two issues, but said that he respected the decisions of the parties and announced that he planned to send his initiatives again, something that had been ruled out as an option given the current composition of Congress.
“We already have a plan so that the initiatives that I am going to send are presented in the month of February,” said López Obrador. “The three? The judicial, the National Guard and the electoral?”, the journalist questioned. “Yeah. “It may be that of the Guard before, but the judicial one, the comprehensive plan so that they can be elected, that the people elect the judges, the magistrates, the ministers, the entire reform of the judicial power, that in February,” the president has responded.
In the first part of his six-year term, López Obrador managed to carry out his first judicial reform. Then it was easier for him to negotiate with some opposition groups. But for a year now those doors have been closed and agreements have become more distant. One of those failures was obtained with the electoral reform. Given the impossibility of achieving a qualified majority, made up of two-thirds of the votes, the president modified his plan and presented packages of modifications to the common laws, which only needed a simple majority, under what he called “plan B.” . However, the approval was made in a controversial session and was later overturned by the Supreme Court.
The court’s ruling led him to present “plan C,” which implies an overwhelming victory at the polls next year to win enough seats to give the ruling bloc a qualified majority. That plan put all his projects on hold. Including the judicial reform proposal that he has been promoting for months. In response to the suspension of his projects by the Court, the president has pushed to modify the Constitution in order to promote the election of members of the Judiciary at the polls.
The president’s words leave doubts about what the Citizen Movement will do in the coming months. “The containment block is dead,” Dante Delgado, the leader of the formation, said on X (formerly Twitter). The message does not make it clear if this implies that it may favor any Government initiative. In between, important discussions are expected on the agenda. The election of commissioners of the National Institute of Transparency, Access to Information and Protection of Personal Data (INAI), the appointment of a Supreme Court minister and now these recycled initiatives, in addition to the future of the Judiciary, were already on the table. Proposals whose future, for the moment, seem to remain in the hands of the orange party.
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