The ex-president Alberto Fujimori stars in a new, very controversial chapter in the history of Peru, that same country that Mario Vargas Llosa left in writing that will be screwed for a long time. Who was the worst dictator in the history of him, 85 years oldhas left the Barbadillo prison in the midst of national and international controversy and just one year after Pedro Castillo’s failed coup d’état.
Held in prison since 2007 and with a sentence of 25 years for crimes against humanitythe former president once again cherishes a freedom from which he benefited for months thanks to the same process that the Constitutional Court (TC) resorted to on Tuesday to order his immediate release.
What you will witness from your daughter’s home is a country so divided that even Cardinal Pedro Barretoat the head of the Peruvian clergy, has defined his liberation as “a slap in the face to the country. “Fujimori must serve the 25-year sentence.”
To the prison, located on the outskirts of Lima, His two sons, also politicians, Keiko and Kenji, attended., pursued from their home by a battalion of television stations and journalists. It was difficult for such a procession to move before the crowd that surrounded the prison, many sympathizers who carried flags and made their euphoria felt.
Fujimori has lived in Barbadillo prison until now with two other former Peruvian presidents: the coup plotter Pedro Castillo and Alejandro Toledo, accused of corruption and extradited from the United States after a long judicial process. The three former leaders are his only tenants, waiting for another former president, Ollanta Humala, whose trial is advancing inexorably.
In a very controversial ruling, the T.C. declared the appeal for reconsideration filed to comply with the ruling issued in 2022 founded, while at the same time sternly warned the judge that did not previously release Fujimori. The sentence of 25 years in prison was reached for a series of crimes, including massacres, kidnappings, corruption and usurpation of functions.
The immediate release order was not carried out, which even provoked the angry reaction of Francisco Morales, president of the TC: “For the love of God, what else do they want us to do?”
The controversy is also experienced within the high court, since the decision was endorsed by three magistrates, who did not share it with the others. “It can’t be that the judges find out through the media of such an important situation, of such a relevant case,” shot another of the TC magistrates, César Ochoa Cardich.
Hours later, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (Cidh), which already caused the latest setback in Fujimori’s freedom in a dispute that has dragged on for almost six years, reacted vehemently to urge the government to “refrain from executing the order of the TC until this Court (Cidh) has all the necessary elements to analyze whether said decision complies with the conditions established in 2022”, in the words of its president, Ricardo Pérez Manrique.
The United Nations Human Rights Office joined the call of the IACHR to emphasize that it is a “Worrying setback for accountability. “Any humanitarian release of those responsible for serious human rights violations must comply with international law.”
“My father is calm”
“There is no fear, we have waited many years. My father is very excited, he is calm,” Keiko Fujimori said during a night of tug-of-war. According to his defense lawyers, the former dictator was not immediately released due to a failure in the signature registration.
Both Keiko and Kenji have problems with the law: the former presidential candidate is facing a corruption trial that could put her back in jail, and Kenji is sentenced to four years in prison for a crime of influence peddling.
The TC intends to end a judicial pulse that dates back to 2017, when the then president, Pedro Pablo Kuczynski, decreed a humanitarian pardon for the father of his rival in the elections, Keiko Fujimori. The pardon was later revoked by the Supreme Court, so the dictator was taken back to prison after spending 113 days in a hospital.
The ball was in the president’s court for hours Dina Boluartewho, advised by her Prime Minister, Alberto Otárola, and the head of Justice, ended accepting the TC’s bid. You have reasons to do it this way: his government depends on the parliamentary support of the group Fujimori in Congress precisely when one year has passed since his accession to power by succession order after the dismissal against Castillo applied by Parliament.
“This is an insult to the memory of the victims and their families and an affront against the inter-American human rights system by ignoring the mandate of the Court, which prohibited this pardon for being part of a political negotiation,” warned moderate parliamentarian Flor Pablo Medina.
“The release of Alberto Fujimori It’s the biggest smokescreen in recent times.. Everyone knows that it is illegal, that it goes against our international obligations, but they do it anyway. What should be at stake…”, highlighted the internationalist Óscar Vidarte.