“The State is the biggest impediment to the Internet in Costa Rica”

Marcelo Jenkins, former Minister of Science and Technology

TO 31 years since the first Internet connection in the country, this technology continues to face challenges.

Costa Rica went from being a pioneer with the first link in the Central American region to stagnate in the middle of the table in fixed connectivity speed and rather fell in this measurement in mobile services.

Added to this is the paralysis in which the tenders to have 5G networks fellas he spectrum frequency auction process radioelectric control in charge of the Telecommunications Superintendency (Sutel), such as the infrastructure acquisition in the hands of Costa Rican Institute of Electricity (ICE).

Given the situation, Marcelo Jenkins, former Minister of Science and Technologyspoke about it and considers that it is the same Costa Rican state apparatus he main obstacle to the development of the Internet.

In 5G we have fallen behind, I don’t understand how there is no 5G network in Costa Rica, although it is exploratory at this time.

We do not even have a Sutel Council that can make a 5G tender, It is a mix of Government, Legislative Assembly, Aresepa internal political entanglement and we cannot even do the bidding that is going to take at least 18 months, that part of the public policies we have to fix it“, said Jenkins Coronas during the Retrospectives and new challenges of the impact of the Internet in Costa Rica Forum, organized by the Informatics Center (CI) of the University of Costa Rica (UCR).

The same way advocated for the release of more radio spectrumat the same time that questioned Decree 44196-MSP-MICITT that includes the application of the Budapest Convention and He described the ICE tender as slow.

Uncertain future

In addition to analyzing the current situation, in the activity you were asked your opinion on what’s coming.

The future is uncertainthe government part must be resolved, which the actors agreewe are talking about the Executive Branch, which is the one that appoints, the Legislative Branch, which is the one that ratifies, there is an entanglement with Aresep, which is the head of Sutel, so There is a disastrous triangle that must be made for 5G to advance.

We need to have 5Galready we should have one or more networksI am concerned that the deployment of the 5G network by the 3 wireless telecommunications providers that exist at this moment, which are Liberty, Claro and ICE, the 5G network is tremendously expensiverequires a infrastructure deployment as has not been seen due to the number of antennas which also you have to glue them with fiber optics and so? it will last for yearsJust like the 4G and 4.5 networks, it took years to have acceptable coverage,” said the university professor.

Finally, the question was asked when the country will be able to have fifth generation telecommunications systems.

How long are we going to last? and how much These 5G companies are going to have to invest that has coverage the same as the current 4G? we’re talking about years and we have not been able to start the tender because we do not have a Sutel that can start it and enough released spectrum so that private companies can participate in that spectrum.

Is incredible, the State is the one that is shooting itself in the foot to the country, Instead of facilitating and encouraging access and deployment of new infrastructure, The biggest impediment to the development of the Internet is the State: Executive, Legislative and decentralized branches and included Sutel, We have to fix that thing before thinking about any near future”, concluded the former head of Science and Technology.

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