In the anniversaries of December 7 These events that occurred on a day like today in Argentina and the world stand out:
1863. Pietro Mascagni is born
The Italian composer Pietro Mascagni was born in Livorno. His opera Rustic Cavalleriafrom 1890 (usually performed alongside Pagliacci by Ruggero Leoncavallo), was the foundation stone of the verista school, focused on works of stark realism. He joined fascism and died in 1945..
1914. The birth of Alberto Castillo
Alberto Castillo, “The singer of the hundred Buenos Aires neighborhoods,” is born. A gynecologist by profession, he was one of the most representative voices of the 40s and also acted in films. He died in 2002.
1921. The shootings of workers in Patagonia
Mass shooting of workers in Santa Cruz. The field workers who had gone on strike surrendered to the Army troops at the Anita ranch, near El Calafate, and were shot. It’s the climactic moment the events of tragic Patagoniadocumented by Osvaldo Bayerand that they would reach the cinema in The rebellious Patagonia. It is estimated between 100 and 200 shootings in Anita. The massacred are buried right there, in common graves. In total, it is estimated that the Army’s repression of the strikers could have been up to 1,500 dead..
1928. Noam Chomsky is born
Noam Chomsky Born in Philadelphia. He stood out in the late 1950s as one of the great linguists based on his generative grammatical theory. Later, he turned to political activism, showing himself to be a staunch critic of American foreign policy. In his work there are titles such as The guardians of freedom, The culture of terrorism, Pirates and emperors, Gaza in crisis and Reasons for anarchy.
1941. The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor
Japan attacks the US military base at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii. More than 300 planes open fire on that Sunday morning. About 2,500 people die. “It is a date that will live in infamy,” says President Franklin Roosevelt, who declares war on the Japanese. Germany and Italy, allies of Japan, responded with their declaration of war on the United States. One of the unharmed ships that December 7th was the USS Phoenixsold ten years later to Argentina. The government of Juan Domingo Perón would rename that ship General Belgrano Cruise.
1970. Ali vs. Bonavena
oscar Ringo Bonavena faces Muhammad Ali at Madison Square Garden in New York. Ali had just returned to the ring after being stripped of the heavyweight title for refusing to go to the Vietnam War. There was no world crown at stake (they fought for the vacant title of the North American Boxing Federation) and Argentina paralyzed to watch the fight. The stripped champion falls in the ninth round due to his impulse, not due to a blow from the Argentine. At the beginning of the 15th and final round, Bonavena, knowing that he is losing on the cards, decides to burn the ships and Ali throws him three times.. It is a technical KO and victory for the former world champion, who will regain the title in 1974.
1972. The Apollo XVII mission
Apollo XVII is launcheduntil today, the last manned mission to the Moon, which arrived on the 11th. It is the first space launch of a human flight that takes place at night. Eugene Cernan and Harrison Schmitt are the last men to date to set foot on the satellite. The third member of the crew, Ronald Evans orbits 148 hours, which is a record. The mission returns on December 19.
1990. The suicide of Reinaldo Arenas
Sick of HIV, the cuban writer Reinaldo Arenas commits suicide in New York. She was 47 years old. He had left Cuba in 1980. Opponent of Fidel Castro, he left personal testimony of him, Before Night Fallswhich was made into a film in 2000. Among his novels we can name Celestine before dawn and The amazing world.
1996. José Donoso dies
At 72 he dies the Chilean writer José Donoso. He came into consideration with the novel Coronationin 1957, and was part of the Boom, to which he dedicated a book of memories: Personal history of the boom. In his narrative there are titles such as The obscene bird of the night and The place without limits.
2016. Goodbye to Greg Lake
pancreatic cancer ends the life of guitarist Greg Lake. Born in 1947 in Dorset, he was a member of King Crimson’s first line-up, but stood out in the 70s at Emerson, Lake & Palmerone of the great symphonic rock groups.
2022. The fall of Castillo in Peru
After months of tensions, the president of Peru, Pedro Castillo, announces that he is dissolving Congress. He had taken office on July 28, 2021 and his government has been in check since then by an increasingly virulent opposition, which attempted to remove him. The self-coup precipitates events: that decision gives the parliament grounds to remove him from office. Castillo is arrested and becomes vice president, Dina Boluarte. The first woman to govern the country is sworn in to lead the Executive until 2026. Protests and repression ensue, has left dozens dead.
Furthermore, it is the International Civil Aviation Day.